Hepatitis B is supposed to be a serious type of a liver infection that is triggered by the HBV or the hepatitis B virus. In some cases, Hepatitis B infection could prove to be a chronic issue implying that it would be lasting for over six months. This chronic hepatitis B could lead to a liver failure, cirrhosis, or even liver cancer.
Most adults affected by hepatitis B actually recover completely even though the symptoms and signs seem to be pretty severe. However, children and infants are susceptible to chronic hepatitis B infection. Currently, there seem to be two major methods of HBV detection: One popular way is polymerase chain reaction like the rolling circle PCR and real-time PCR. Alternatively, the cccDNA could be detected directly by Southern blotting through DNA hybridization that would be useful in both detecting and distinguishing the cccDNA from some other species of viral DNA by differential migration. You may get in touch with mybiosource.com for comprehensive testing procedures and specialized lab reagents.
Chronic Hepatitis B is quite a menace affecting 350 million individuals globally, causing liver cancer, and cirrhosis and approximately 1 million deaths occur every year on account of Hepatitis B infection and its various complications. In this context, you must understand that Hepatitis B infection is triggered by the Hepatitis B Virus and a vaccine could be used as a preventive.
Symptoms and signs of Hepatitis B would be ranging from severe to mild. These symptoms become full-blown only after one month to around four months post being infected but sometimes, you could see the early symptoms right from a couple of weeks after getting infected by the virus. Again some patients particularly, young kids demonstrate no symptoms at all. Some of the symptom and signs of Hepatitis-B would be including the following:
- Yellowing of the white portion of your eyes
- Yellowing of your skin
- Fatigue and weakness
- Vomiting and nausea
- Loss of appetite
- Joint pain
- Dark-colored urine
- Abdominal pain
Causes & Transmission
Hepatitis B infection is triggered by the HBV or the hepatitis B virus and this virus is transmitted from one person to another through semen, blood, or some other body fluids. In this context, you must not forget that the Hepatitis B virus does not ever get transmitted by coughing or sneezing.
Some Common ways How HBV Could Be Spreading
Shared Needles: HBV would spread easily through syringes and needles that are contaminated with blood that is infected. If you share IV drug paraphernalia, you seem to be exposing yourself to hepatitis B risk.
Sexual Contact: You may acquire hepatitis B infection if you indulge in unprotected sex with someone infected by the Hepatitis B virus. This virus could be transmitted to you if your partner’s saliva, blood, vaginal secretions, and semen enter your body.
Mom to Kid: Pregnant ladies could be passing on the infection to their little ones at the time of childbirth. The newborn could effectively be vaccinated for avoiding this undesirable infection.
It is best to get vaccinated to prevent the incidence of Hepatitis B virus. Never have sex without using condoms. Stop using illegal drugs. Be quite careful about tattooing and piercing. Always get vaccinated before stepping out of the country. If you keep certain basic preventive tips in mind, you could lead a healthy life.
Author bio –
Daniel Mattei is a Professional writer. He has written many articles on Health. You can visit www.mybiosource.com.